New Zealand will evaluate sheep and cow burps to reduce greenhouse gases

New Zealand wants to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

New Zealand on Wednesday released a draft plan to price agricultural emissions in an effort to tackle one of the country’s largest sources of greenhouse gases, sheep and cattle belching.

The proposal would make New Zealand, a large agricultural exporter, the first country to make farmers pay for livestock emissions, the environment ministry said.

New Zealand, home to 5 million people, has around 10 million cattle and 26 million sheep.

It nearly helped its total greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, mainly methane, but agricultural emissions were previously exempted from the country’s emissions trading system, drawing criticism about the government’s commitment to stop global warming.

According to the draft plan, put together by representatives of the government and the farming community, farmers will have to pay for their gas emissions starting in 2025. Short-lived and long-lived agricultural gas will be priced separately, although a single one will be used. measure to calculate the volume.

“There is no doubt that we need to reduce the amount of methane we are putting into the atmosphere and an effective emissions pricing system for agriculture will play a key role in how we achieve this,” said the minister of change. climate scientist James Shaw.

The proposal includes incentives for farmers to reduce emissions through feed additives, while on-farm forestry can be used to offset emissions. The scheme’s revenue will be invested in research, development and advisory services for farmers.

“Our recommendations enable sustainable production of food and fiber for future generations, playing an equal role in meeting our country’s climate commitments,” said Michael Ahie, president of the primary sector partnership, He Waka Eke Noa.

The proposal would potentially be the biggest regulatory break for agriculture since the removal of agricultural subsidies in the 1980s, said Susan Kilsby, agricultural economist at ANZ Bank.

A final decision on the regime is expected in December.